This is an advantage that an employer or a company grants to a member of its staff or to one of its managers (company car, disposal of a building, loan of money at a favorable rate, etc.). This benefit of any kind is considered as professional income. The worker or business manager who receives it will therefore have to pay tax on the amount corresponding to the value of the benefit in kind.
A smart charging cable, like a smart charging station, is connected to the internet, which makes it communicative. The charging cable thus measures the exact electricity consumption and transmits it via a back-office system.
In addition, this cable is geolocated, thus making it possible to memorize the places where the recharging sessions took place. This is among other things important to identify the times when the cable is used to recharge at home. The smart cable is plugged into an ordinary power outlet and thus offers a maximum charging power of 3 kW. This is particularly useful for plug-in hybrid cars, which do not need powerful charging stations due to their reduced battery capacity.
It is an essential element in the good management of a vehicle fleet. This document drawn up by the company brings together all the rules for the allocation, use and management of vehicles in order to inform its employees. It also makes it possible to be aware of the actions taken by the company to prevent occupational road risk, its CSR commitments, etc.
Car fuel made from natural gas (the same that is used for central heating or gas stoves) compressed to a pressure of around 200 bars. In general, cars on the market are bi-fuel, natural gas and gasoline.
Current from the electrical distribution network, and therefore your house, single-phase or three-phase. The slower charging points (power up to 43 kW) deliver this type of current. Onboard your car, a charger converts it into DC current.
The battery of electric and hybrid cars delivers direct current. Equipped with a stationary charger, the fast charging points (over 50 kW) deliver this type of current directly to your car.
This is the most common international abbreviation for “electric car”. In French, we also use the abbreviation VE.
this is a marketing or public relations process used by an organization (company, national or territorial public administration, etc.) to give itself a misleading image of ecological responsibility.
The propulsion of a series hybrid vehicle is provided only by an electric motor (s). Their power comes from two electrical sources: a battery and / or a genset, that is to say a generator driven by a engine. There is therefore no mechanical transmission between the heat engine and the wheels. This configuration should rather be called electric hybrid.
Schematic diagram of a series hybrid
The propulsion of a parallel hybrid vehicle is provided by a combination of motor(s) and engine.
Several configurations are possible:
|Parallel hybrid P1
The electric motor is directly coupled to the heat engine, on its front or rear face. No purely electric mode is possible.
Schematic diagram of a P1 parallel hybrid
|Parallel hybrid P2
The electric motor is integrated upstream of the gearbox, after the clutch. With the clutch open, a purely electric mode is possible through the gearbox.
Schematic diagram of a parallel hybrid P2
|Parallel hybrid P3
The electric motor is integrated downstream of the gearbox, before the differential. Gearbox at neutral point, a purely electric mode is possible.
Schematic diagram of a P3 parallel hybrid
The kilowatt is the unit of measurement for power. For an engine, let’s say the maximum “force” it can exert. For a charging station, let’s say the “speed” of charging it can deliver.
kWh is the unit of measurement for energy. For a battery, this at the average power (kW) it can deliver in one hour of use. The equivalent of liters of fuel in a thermal car.
Since the end of 2015, Europe has defined the framework conditions allowing cities, towns or regions to create environmental zones in order to reach low thresholds for pollutant emissions. In Belgium, road signs indicate the start and end of an LEZ environmental zone.
This is a car equipped with a combination of electric and thermal motors, the battery of which is rechargeable on the network.
This is the responsibility of companies with regard to the effects they have on society. It can be defined as a continuous process of improvement, in which companies voluntarily, systematically and coherently integrate social, environmental and economic considerations into the overall management of the company.
This term is used for the charge management system which ensures an optimal distribution of the charging power between different vehicles on a same site, either according to the available capacity, or according to the pricing in real time.
Smart grids are electricity grids that allow their various players to interact with great flexibility in order to maintain an efficient, sustainable, economical and secure supply of electricity. In particular, a Smart Grid network can postpone vehicle recharging during peaks in overall consumption.
TCO refers to all the direct or indirect costs (eg tax) related to the use of a company vehicle.
V2G makes it possible to use the batteries of plugged electric cars to regulate and modulate distribution on the electricity network.
This is a feature that turns a charged electric car into a source of electricity. You can connect a device to be charged (eg laptop computer) or an electrical device, or even recharge another electric vehicle.
It is a compact charging point to be fixed to the wall or to be placed on a stand, delivering powers between 2.4 and 22 kW. This allows an electric car to be recharged in the safest possible way while reducing the charging time compred to a household plug.